For those of you who are starting to explore hydroponics or add to an existing system, an overview of all the options available will help you before starting on the hydroponic design.
We’re going to look at the factors to choose the right system for you.
Before getting into designing, let’s look at some steps to follow. This is based on the design of the greenhouse internal layout and hydroponics system. Let’s look at some of the operations below
- Choose a greenhouse that provides the necessary features – Some features are the right doors and walking space, etc.
- While designing an internal layout and choosing a greenhouse, look at the important features – This feature can be for schools for educational benefits. Leave room for a growing space, where they can start growing herbs indoors without sunlight.
- Design the greenhouse internal layout – Provide comfortable walking space, convenient placement of doors for tours and a growing station.
- Select profitable plants to grow and sell – Choose the best herbs to grow indoors, that will sell in the market, have successful growth and can be paired with other crops/
- Consider materials you’ll use when designing a system – Understand the characteristics of materials, like PVC. It includes shape, roughness coefficient, friction and supplier.
- Choose hydroponic systems best fit for the crops – The systems should fit well in the greenhouse. It should not block off light from neighbouring systems, work with surrounding crops for reverse seasonality and have space for crops in the system.
- Make precise calculations of the hydroponic system design – Size of pumps and pipes, comparison of different designs and respecting restraints like flow rate should be included as necessary calculations.
- Iterate calculations and designs to ensure the best design is chosen – Include different hydroponic systems used and maximum space efficiency, while maintaining the seasonal market needs.
The objective of the design
- Choosing crops to produce: Decide which crops are most beneficial to produce. The yields will be the primary source of income.
- Production system layout
- Hydroponic system
There are 6 types of hydroponic systems used commonly among industrial and commercial farmers.
They are ebb and flow, aeroponic system, nutrient flow technique, drip systems, wick systems and water culture. You can choose a system that helps specific crops grow to the best quality and also creates space efficiency.
- Greenhouse Requirements: A high-quality and reliable greenhouse is needed to produce the best possible yield and profit. Many greenhouses have features like doors, windows, etc.
- Internal Design: A completed greenhouse should serve as an environmental education and tour space for members of all ages. It is important to have enough open space for people to move easily around the hydroponics greenhouse.
- Commercial Kitchens: Nowadays, even restaurants use hydroponics to grow herbs in the kitchen. In restaurants, it allows staff, especially with no space, to grow their own produce year-round. Since it’s nice and clean, the prevention of pests is something you don’t have to worry about.
Sometimes chefs at good restaurants settle with using subpar quality herbs. It’s difficult for chefs to get fresh herbs consistently to run their kitchen. Hydroponics can change that, even with less space, you can make a kitchen window herb garden with the best results.
Chefs will be able to grow good quality herbs inside the restaurant, a few feet away from them, because of hydroponics.