One can think that these cultivation methods are not different from each other. But all three of them are different from each other and it’s all about how the nutrients are given to the plant’s roots. So, let’s look at the difference between the three.
Hydroponics: Hydroponics is when a liquid nutrient solution is used to nourish the roots, which helps the plants to grow. Hydroponic growing system doesn’t involve soil. A nutrient solution is used instead of soil. Additionally, the roots can be supported by a medium like gravel, perlite or any other substrates. The produce is much better and stable.
Aquaponics: The word aquaponics is derived from “aquaculture”, which means raising fish or any aquatic animal in tanks along with hydroponics where the nutrient based water is consumed by the hydroponic plant. The waste materials from fish is a great source of nutrients in this system. This nutrient helps plants to help the plants survive and grow healthy.
Aeroponics: In aeroponics, plants are suspended in a semi closed or closed container like environment where the roots are suspended below the plant. The nutrient rich solution is sprayed through a tubing system on the roots. This provides nourishment without the plant being underground or underwater. Aeroponics is usually combined with a hydroponics system and removes any sort of threats. It’s simple and easy to use.
Advantages of Hydroponics
- You won’t have to use any fertilizers or pesticides for your indoor hydroponic herb garden.
- They are easy to grow indoors. Hydroponics can be used to grow herbs throughout the year with the ability to control temperature and climate control. Plants tend to grow healthier and faster than soil based methods.
- It has special grow lights to help plants grow
- Saves money
- Even if space is limited, you can have a mini hydroponic smart garden. Plants don’t have to spread their roots in search of nutrients.
- Hydroponics saves the use of water. It recirculates the water for later use in a controlled manner. This saves upto 10 times less water usage compared to traditional methods.
- Produces better quality food. You can immediately pluck herbs from your kitchen hydroponic herb garden. Without any issues of pests, there won’t be any use of pesticides. This results in better produce that is fresh and healthy for you and your family. While cooking you can pluck herbs and add to the dish.
Advantages of Aquaponics
- You can grow food throughout the year. You can control the temperature accordingly.
- Saves water usage compared to traditional methods. The excess water is recycled through the system to use later.
- No weeds to destroy the plants. You’ll be able to enjoy your gardening.
- Growth is faster and better compared to traditional methods
- For farmers, an aquaponic system can profit them since both fish and vegetables can be taken care of.
- Fish and vegetables will grow without any use of fertilizers.
Advantages of Aeroponics
- They help produce great harvests and grow quickly because the roots are suspended in the air. That’s due to the receiving constant oxygen.
- It is easier to maintain. The mist solution provides the plants with the right amount of nutrients.
- The plants grow more roots which enhances absorption ability. Very few materials are needed for the plants to thrive.
- Requires less space. To grow more plants, some aeroponics systems allow stacking methods. This makes it so much easier for those who don’t have much space at home.