Hydroponics simply is the cultivation of plants without soil, using just water or a nutrient solution to give the needed minerals and nutrients the plants need to grow. Hydroponics help simulate an ideal growing environment for the plants, meaning the plants grow organically faster and larger, and also grow all year round. This makes a smart home indoor garden growing vegetables hydroponically, a perfect solution to grow your own fresh and organic vegetables in a confined space.

Hydroponics comes in different systems and variations. But all have the same concept of using water or a nutrient solution as the primary base. And down below are 6 of those best systems for growing vegetables indoor

  1. Wick System – The wick system of the easiest methods of hydroponic gardening when it comes to basic indoor gardening. The plants are planted in an absorbent substance medium like perlite or vermiculite and the wicks are placed within the absorbent medium that goes all the way down to the water or nutrient solution. The wick pulls up the moisture and feeds it to the plants. Lettuces grow and thrive best in this type of system as they are light feeders.
  2. Deep Water Culture (DWC) System – The DWC system, also known as the raft system, is another easy-to-build, inexpensive hydroponic system. In this system, the plants are planted in net cups containing a growing medium like coconut fiber and are placed into a floating platform or a raft where the roots are submerged in water. Lettuce, collard greens like broccoli, and okra grow well in this system.
  3. Drip System – This system is suitable for growing larger plants. The system overall is simple and completely automated. A timer turns the pump on, which pushes the nutrient solution to the plants’ roots through a tube. The plants take in the needed nutrients and the excess is drained back into the reservoir for re-use. More advanced systems have drip emitters for each tube to control how much nutrient is fed to individual plants.
  4. Ebb and Flow (flood and drain) System – Another very popular Indoor Growing System. Very similar to the drip system, the Ebb and Flow System pumps water or the nutrient solution up to the tray where the growing medium is placed. The roots take their quota of nutrients and the excess is drained back into the reservoir through a tube. This system is suitable for water-craving vegetables like tomatoes and cucumber.
  5. Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) – A widely used system in commercial setup and is the most active among the other systems. Meaning air pumps, nutrient pumps, and a recovery system is a must to run this system. The plants’ roots are placed in a growing tray submerged in flowing water which is pumped up from the reservoir. Plants that have smaller roots like spinach and broccoli grow best in this system.
  6. Aeroponic System – The Aeroponic system is the most efficient of the lot but can be expensive and difficult to understand and build. The concept revolves around nozzles that are placed below the plant that is suspended in the air. The nozzles, which are connected to the reservoir containing the nutrient solution spray the needed nutrients into the plants’ roots. This system enables you to grow any vegetable you want, given they are grown in their specific growing demands.

Knowing what vegetables, you want to grow and learn their growing conditions can be very helpful in choosing which system you want to build or grow your plants indoors. Hydroponics is also turning out to be the best way to grow herbs indoors. To learn more, contact Eponic and try our Mini Garden or Little Garden. They are the perfect grow your own herbs indoor garden kits.